This review of literature serves to inform the work of the Digital Learning Resources Project (DLRP) research team as they conduct their investigation with teacher groups and develop prototypes of digital tools for lesson-building. The open question discussed in this review is how museums in general – and Smithsonian in particular – will adapt to and remain relevant in the digital age with search, social, mobile components and instructional tools for learning. In this study, we review the literature on web enablement paradigms, new pedagogies, teacher roles, and the relationships between museums and their education audience in the digital era. Other questions relevant to the research and evaluation being conducted for the Digital Learning Resources Project(DLRP) are discussed through the literature as well: 1) How can the Smithsonian Center for Education Museum Studies (SCEMS) help teachers find and use the resources they need more easily on the site? and 2) Institutionally, how can SCEMS ensure that its collection and other Smithsonian resources get maximum exposure on the web within other content repositories and search engines? The review offers recommendations for prototype design and partnership development based on four themes raised in the literature: 1) optimizing the search engine, interfacing, and tagging to provide higher-yield search results for teacher and student audiences; 2) expanding partnerships and data sharing; 3) meeting teacher needs; and 4) exploring instructional tools, web trends, and devices which bear consideration for the next generation of the SCEMS site.